To be a dignified, competitive, and excellent program in the field of neurosurgery at national and international levels with excellent research and technology advancement to support the process of education and community outreach program and services.
- Conducting academic activities in specialty 1 Program in NeuroSurgery to produce graduates with high religious morality and ethics.
- Improving the quality and quantity of basic and applied research, and improving innovative, nationally and internationally recognized policies to support education, community outreach program and service.
- Developing and dedicating expertise in the field of neurosurgery and its humanity based technology to the society oriented to national and international health insights.
- Developing a quality specialty 1 program in Neurosurgery to prepare for international competition.
History and Pioneers
Neurosurgery medical services firstly provided in Surabaya in 1959 – 1960 when dr. HRM Soejoenoes, the Dean of the Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga, welcomed dr. Basoeki Wirjowidjojo who had just returned from a neurosurgery training in Netherlands.
Back then in 1951 – 1952, Basoeki was a medical student at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia. During his final year, he worked as an assistant to a neurosurgeon from Netherlands at Prinses Margriet Hospital Kliniek voor Neurochirurgie, located on Raden Saleh 49, Jakarta. His interest in neurosurgery was known by Dr. De Grood. In 1954, Dr. M.P.A.M de Grood offered him a position as a neurosurgeon assistant at St. Elizabeth Ziekenhuis in Tilburg, Netherlands. After studying for 4 years, he returned to Indonesia. In Surabaya, he worked in two hospitals: CBZ (Centraal Burgerlijk Ziekeninrichting) Simpang and Karangmenjangan Central Hospital (now: Dr. Soetomo Regional Hospital). Simpang Hospital was mostly used for emergency operations, while Karangmenjangan Hospital was at that time used for elective surgery.
The presence of dr. Basoeki provided an opportunity for patients of neurosurgery to be treated by a professional neurosurgeon. Intracranial hemorrhage, brain tumors, and other neurosurgical operations could be performed in both hospitals despite limited resources. In 1970, Dr. R Soetojo, the Head of Surgery Division at General Surgery, was sick and could not continue his work. dr. Basoeki was appointed as the head of the division, replacing the position Dr. R Soetojo. At that time, neurosurgery was only a section in General Surgery. Since he was the only neurosurgeon at the time, he had to arrange the schedule as the head of the division and the task of providing neurosurgical services. dr. Basoeki then thought that it would be nice if there was more than one neurosurgeon.
In 1971, a good relationship between dr. Basoeki and Prof. H.A.D. Walder in Nijmegen paved the way for dr. M. Sajid Darmadipura, who recently completed his education as a neurologist in Surabaya, to be trained as a neurosurgeon at Katholieke Universiteit, Sint Radbound Ziekenhuis, Nijmegen, Netherlands. He finished his education in 1975 and returned to Surabaya to work with dr. Basoeki. After dr. Sajid returned to Surabaya, dr. Basoeki sent two other doctors: dr. Umar Kasan (1975-1979) and dr. Abdul Hafid Bajamal (1979-1983) in two consecutive periods to Nijmegen to attend neurosurgery education at the same hospital as dr. Sajid did. With the addition of three personnel in neurosurgery, Basoeki found it easier to organize and run neurosurgical services until his position as the head of Surgery Division was changed in 1987.
To expand the range of neurosurgical services, neurosurgical services were not only available at the Karangmenjangan Hospital but also in private hospitals in Surabaya. Malang, 90 kilometers from Surabaya, was also benefited from the service. Around 1980s. dr. Abdul Hafid spent his weekends to provide neurosurgical services at Syaiful Anwar General Hospital (public hospital) and Lafalette Hospital (private hospital). After dr. Istiadjid completed his neurosurgery education in Surabaya in 1987, he worked at Malang Hospital and finally replaced the task of dr. Abdul Hafid in Malang.
In the early 1980s, the need was not only in neurosurgical services but also in training residents to expand the reach of neurosurgical services across Indonesia. The first resident that attended the Specialty program in Surabaya was dr. Adril Arsad Hakim who graduated in 1986 and started neurosurgical services in Medan, North Sumatra. As the program continued to grow, the four neurosurgeons graduating from Netherlands felt that it was the time to increase the number of staff. In 1995, under the leadership of dr. Umar Kasan, dr. Agus Turchan and dr. Muhammad Arifin, who had been trained in Surabaya, were appointed to increase the service quality. A service grew not only with quality of the surgeon, but also with skills and equipment needed to provide the service. Surgical microscopes had made micro neurosurgical services possible. The staff were also encouraged to add training in specialized fields. dr. Abdul Hafid Bajamal spent his time studying micro surgery and introduced Sublabial Transphenoidal Hypophisectomy (SLTH) and microdiscectomy to the Lumbal Herniated Disc. dr. Agus Turchan was sent to Cologne, Germany, to study Stereotactic and Functional Surgery. dr. M. Arifin improved his abilities in the field of craniofacial surgery and neuroendoscopy.
Along with the development of global neurosurgery, the department/SMF of Neurosurgery also developed itself by enriching the number and skills of younger academic staff including Dr. dr. Joni Wahyuhadi, Dr. dr. Eko Agus Subagio, Dr. dr. Asra Al Fauzi, dr. Wihasto Suryaningtyas, dr. Rahadian Indarto Susilo, dr. Muhammad Faris, dr. Ahmad Fahmi, dr Nur Setiawan Suroto, dr Irwan Barlian Immadoel Haq, dr Teddy Apriawan, and Dr. Heri Subianto. Each of them continued further education/ fellowships abroad and in turn developed their own divisions/sections.
With the increase in the number of the staff, the division/section in the department / SMF of Neurosurgery was also developed. Currently there are 6 divisions/sections, namely Neurotrauma, Neuro-oncology, Neurospine, Pediatric Neurosurgery, Neurovascular and Endovacular, and Functional Neurosurgery.
Although some of the pioneers of neurosurgery in Surabaya have passed away (Prof. Basoeki Wirjowidjojo and Prof. Umar Kasan), the next generation continues the same vision to be the best by doing these following steps. First: providing neurosurgery care to the community on the basis of science, ability, and humanity with patient safety orientation. Second, preparing creative and innovative neurosurgeons that can develop neurosurgery science and training, and to lead in the field of neurosurgery. Third, fostering the development and supporting research to enhance therapy in various diseases that affect the nervous system.